New York Eviction Process (2023): Reasons, Steps, and Timeline (2023)

Last update:13. September 2022vonElisabeth Suza

Steps of the eviction process in New York:

  1. The landlord informs the tenant in writing.
  2. The landlord files a complaint with the court (if not resolved).
  3. Court holds hearing and pronounces verdict.
  4. Eviction order is issued.
  5. Title to the property is returned to the owner.

Evicting a tenant in New York can take timeone to five monthsdepending on the reason for the eviction. When tenants request a move, the process may take longer.

Questions?To chat with a New York eviction attorney,Click here

Reasons for an eviction in New York

In New York,A landlord cannot terminate a tenant without reason. Legal grounds for eviction include not paying rent on time, staying past the end of the lease, violating the terms of the lease, or engaging in illegal activity. However, prior to the termination of the tenancy, the lease must be properly terminated.

Gardensnotice periodCurable?
non-payment of rent14 diaAnd
End of / No lease30 diaNO
Lease Breach10/30 TakeAnd
illegal activitynoneNO

Eviction for non-payment of rent

In New York, a landlord can terminate a tenant if they don't pay rent on time. To do this, they must first give14 DiasTermination of rent or eviction of the apartment. If the tenant does nothing after this time, the landlord can file an eviction action.

Unless otherwise stated in the Rental Agreement, rent is due at the beginning of each payment period and is considered overdue in New York if not received within 5 days of the due date. For example, if rent is due on the 1st of the month, it will be considered late (if not paid in full) from the 6th of the month. New York has one state5 days grace period, excluding weekends and state and federal holidays.

Once rent payment is deemed overdue, the landlord can initiate the eviction process by duly notifying the tenant.

Eviction due to non-rent or end of tenancy

In New York, a landlord can terminate a tenant without a lease or with an expired lease (known as a "remaining tenant" or "at-will tenant"). To do this, you must first terminate the rental agreement in good time (30 diafor tenants who pay monthly if the tenancy is less than one year).

If the lease ends and the tenant remains in the property, the landlord can file an eviction lawsuit.

Eviction for breach of lease or liability

In New York, a landlord can terminate a tenant if they violate the terms of their lease or fail to meet their obligations under the New York Landlord-Tenant Act. To do this, the landlord has to give in10 Takes'notify to fix the problem or move out.For all lease violations, the tenant has an opportunity to fix the problem to avoid eviction.

If the problem is not resolved within the 10-day notice period, the landlord must: a30 TakeEviction notice with no way to solve the problem.

Tenant responsibilities include:

  • Keep the device clean and free of debris.
  • Carrying out minor repairs and maintenance.
  • Notify the owner of any repair or maintenance issues.
  • Keep the fittings clean and hygienic.
  • Do not disturb other tenants or neighbors.

Examples of tenancy law violations are:

  • Having a pet or an unauthorized guest.
  • Parking in an unauthorized area.
  • A certain level of cleanliness is not maintained.

Eviction for illegal activities

In New York, a landlord can terminate a tenant for illegal activity.No prior notice is requiredand the landlord can immediately file an eviction action.Tenants have no way to fix the problem and have to vacate.

Illegal activities in New York include:

  • Prostitution.
  • Rental unit that is used as a rough house.
  • Illegal trading or establishing an illegal business.

The landlord can immediately proceed with the eviction process.


Evictions in New York

The following are illegal in New York.

Evictions from "self-help".

If a tenant has lived in the apartment for 30 consecutive days (with or without a lease), the landlordEviction of a tenant is not permittedvon:

  • Schlosswechsel.
  • locking the doors.
  • Turn off utilities.
  • Removal of the tenant's belongings.
  • Dismantling the front door.

New York's Tenant and Housing Stability Act of 2019 provided new protections for tenants in relation to illegal evictions. It is a Class A misdemeanor for a landlord (or other person) to evict a tenant from the rental unit without a court order. If a landlord is found liable, the renter may be required to pay a civil penalty of not less than $1,000 and not more than $10,000 per violation.

retaliatory evictions

It is illegal for a landlord to evict a tenant from their homein response to the exercise of a legally protected right. These rights include:

  • Complain about health and safety issues to the landlord or a law enforcement agency.
  • Assertion of a legal claim under the lease, including a legal claim to remedy or repair habitability problems.
  • Join a union or tenant organization.

If a Owner is found liable for a retaliatory eviction, the Owner may be required to pay the Renter damages, attorneys' fees and other appropriate remedies, including injunctive relief and other appropriate remedies.

New York Eviction Process (2023): Reasons, Steps, and Timeline (1)

Step 1: The landlord sends the tenant a notice of termination

A landlord can initiate the eviction process in New York by notifying the tenant in writing. The notification must be delivered in one of the following ways:

  • Handover to the tenant personally.
  • Leave the cancellation notice with a “suitable” person in the rental unit.
  • Post a copy in a prominent place in the rental unit.
  • Send the notice to the renter (if left on someone else/posted in the rental unit) by registered mail/registered mail AND by post.

It is important that the landlord always keeps a copy of the signed and served notice as proof that the notice was properly served.

14-day notice period for rent or eviction

If a tenant is in default of payment of rent (in whole or in part) in New York, the landlord may a14 days notice to pay or cancel. This notice gives the tenant 14 calendar days to pay the full balance or vacate the premises.

30-day notice period (no rental contract/end of rental)

For a tenant with no lease or less than a year's lease in New York, the landlord must provide you with a30-day notice periodto terminate the lease. This eviction notice gives the tenant 30 calendar days to move out.

For tenants who do not pay monthly, the termination amount differs:

rent payment frequencytermination amount
Rental contracts of less than 1 year30 dia
Leases of more than 1 year but less than 2 years60 Roofs
Term of office of more than 2 years90 dia

10-day period to cure or evict

If a renter in New York violates the terms of your lease or your legal obligations as a renter, your landlord may: a10-day period to cure or evict. This eviction notice gives the tenant 10 calendar days to fix the problem or move out.

30-day notice period

If a New York tenant fails to cure the tenancy violation after a 10-day cure or eviction period has been provided, the landlord must serve a second and final notice,30-day notice period. This eviction notice gives the tenant 30 calendar days to move out without an opportunity to fix the problem.

Questions?To chat with a New York eviction attorney,Click here

New York Eviction Process (2023): Reasons, Steps, and Timeline (2)

Step 2: The landlord sues in court

As the next step in the eviction process, New York landlords must file an application with the appropriate court. The eviction action is brought in the court where the property is located.

For example, if the property is located in Suffolk County in the city of Islip, Babylon, Huntington, Brookhaven, or Smithtown, the case begins in that city's district court.

Property owners in East Hampton, Southampton, Riverhead, Southold, or Shelter Island must bring the case to the Judicial Court. Properties in Nassau County, Case Begins in District Court.

If the property is located in Glen Cove or Long Beach, you can bring the case in the county court or district court.

The eviction notice and eviction notice must be served on the renter by a person over the age of 18 who is not a party to the case.10-17 Takebefore the hearing.

The eviction request and notice of the request may be served through any of thethe following methods:

  1. handed over personally to the tenant every day, except Sundays or religious holidays of the tenant;
  2. leave them with someone who lives or works in the rental unit AND copies are sent by first class and registered mail; either
  3. Post the application and notice in a conspicuous place OR under the 'front door' of the rental unit AND copies will be sent first class registered mail.

New York Eviction Process (2023): Reasons, Steps, and Timeline (3)10-17 Take.The application and application notice must be sent to the tenant between 10 and 17 days before the hearing date.

New York Eviction Process (2023): Reasons, Steps, and Timeline (4)

Step 3: The court conducts a hearing and issues a verdict

The hearing date is set at the time the landlord submits his eviction request to the court. The hearing must take place10-17 Takeafter delivery of the application to the tenant.

Each party may request a14 RoofsAdjournment (also known as adjournment of the hearing date).

If the tenant does not show up for the hearing, the judge can issue a ruling on the eviction that same day.


  • Eviction for non-payment of rent.The tenant must respond to the request within 10 days. A hearing will be scheduled 3 to 8 days after the court receives the response. If there is no answer, the court can decide in favor of the landlord. However, a tenant can pay the rent in full at any time prior to the hearing and evictiondisturbed.
  • All other types of clearance.If a tenant wishes to contest (fight) the hearing, they must bring all documentation relating to the hearing already scheduled, where the tenant can explain the reasons why it should not be evicted or why a hearing should not be held in the first place. Place.

If the judge rules in favor of the landlord, an eviction order will be issued and the eviction process will continue.

New York Eviction Process (2023): Reasons, Steps, and Timeline (5)10-17 Take. The hearing must take place between 10 and 17 days after the application is served on the tenant.

New York Eviction Process (2023): Reasons, Steps, and Timeline (6)

Step 4: An eviction order is issued

The eviction order is the renter's final request to vacate the rental unit and gives the renter an opportunity to remove their belongings before they are forcibly removed from the rental unit.

If the court rules in favor of the landlord, the landlord will petition the court to issue a restraining order. This can be done at the oral hearing.

New York Eviction Process (2023): Reasons, Steps, and Timeline (7)A few hours to a few days.The eviction order must be applied for by the landlord, but can still be issued on the day of the hearing.

New York Eviction Process (2023): Reasons, Steps, and Timeline (8)

Step 5: Ownership of the property is returned

have tenants14 diaupon receipt of the Write to Move Out, before being forcibly removed from the rental unit by a sheriff or bailiff, unless the eviction is for non-payment of rent, in which case the renter only has toten daysgo out.

If the tenant is terminated for non-payment of rent and pays the rent in full by the 14th day, the eviction process will be terminated and the tenant may remain in the rental unit.

In certain circumstances, the court may grant a stay of foreclosure and allow the tenant to spend more time in the rental unit before having to move out (however, the tenant must move out after the end of the tenure). :

  • extreme difficulties- This can include things like 'serious medical conditions', changing the school a child is enrolled in and other family difficulties that moving would entail. The stay must not be longer thana year.
  • To heal a gap– if the eviction was due to breach of the rental agreement; the stay must not be longer than30 dia.If the violation is corrected at the end of the 30-day stay, the renter may remain in the rental unit and will not be evicted.

New York Eviction Process (2023): Reasons, Steps, and Timeline (9)14 dia.The tenant has 14 days after the eviction order is issued, unless the bailiff grants a stay.

Questions?To chat with a New York eviction attorney,Click here

Timeline of the eviction process in New York

An eviction can be carried out in New York1 to 5 monthshowever, it may take longer depending on the reason for the eviction, whether the eviction is appealed, what days the courts sit (or not) and other possible delays.

Below are the parts of the New York eviction process that, in undisputed cases, are beyond the control of landlords.

PasoEstimated time
Initial notice period14-90 calendar days
Issuing/serving subpoenas10-17 business days
Tenant Response Period~10 business days
judgment of the court10-17 business days
Eviction Court Order1-3 workdays
last notice period~14 days

Flow chart of the eviction process in New York

New York Eviction Process (2023): Reasons, Steps, and Timeline (10)

For more questions about the New York eviction process, see Official NY State Law Real Prop Actions L §701-768y NY Reelle Stütze L §220-238-A,for more informations.


1 NY Real Prop Shares L §711 (2019)

2. The tenant has not paid the rent in accordance with the contract to which the premises belong and the rent has been requested in writing at least fourteen days in advance as an alternative to paying the rent. You have been reported as renting or owning the property...

2 New York Royal Prop. L § 235-e. (2019)

(d) If a Lessor or a Lessor's agent authorized to receive rent does not receive payment of rent within five days of the date specified in the Rental Agreement, such Lessor or agent must notify Renter in writing by registered mail that payment of rent has not been received became. The failure of a Landlord or a Landlord representative authorized to receive rent to provide a tenant with written notice of non-payment of rent may be used by that tenant as an affirmative defense in an eviction proceeding for non-payment of rent. -rent payment. Notwithstanding the provisions of this subsection, a landlord who is a cooperative housing association may construct a private dwelling other than a cooperative housing association subject to the provisions of Sections 2, 4, 5 or 11 of the Financing Act other than by registered mail of the notification transmission by Post, if this type of message transmission is provided for in the rental or occupancy contract and the tenant is the owner of an apartment or a shareholder in the housing cooperative mentioned.

3 NY Real support. L §226-c (2019)

(b) If the tenant has occupied the unit for less than one year and does not have a rental period of at least one year, the landlord must give at least thirty days' notice. (c) If... more than one year but less than two years... the lessor must give at least sixty days notice. (d) If... more than two years... Lessor must give at least ninety days' notice.

4 NY Real support. L§231 (2019)

1. Whenever the tenant or occupant who does not own a building or property uses or occupies that building or property or any part thereof for illegal trade, manufacture or other business, the lease or agreement governing the rent or occupancy of the building or premises or Parts of it are accordingly ineffective ...

5 New York Real Estate Stocks L §711 (2019)

5. The premises or parts thereof are used or occupied as a prostitution house or as a house or meeting place for lewd persons or for the purpose of prostitution or for illegal trade or illegal manufacture or other illegal business.

6 N.Y. Real Prop. Acts. Ley §§ 768 (2019)

It is unlawful to evict, or attempt to evict, any occupant of a dwelling who has lawfully occupied the dwelling for thirty consecutive days or more, or who has entered into a lease in respect of that dwelling.
except to the extent permitted by law pursuant to an eviction order or other order of a competent court or governmental agency
Eviction notice for:

(i) use force or threaten to force the resident to leave the accommodation unit; either

(ii) engage in conduct that affects or is intended to impair or disturb your well-being.
of the resident … the interruption or cessation of essential services; either

(iii) ... remove the resident's belongings from the accommodation unit, remove the door at the entrance
the housing unit; Remove, plug or otherwise create the blockage
the front door does not work, or change the lock of the entrance
door without giving the resident a key...

2. Criminal and Civil Penalties. a) Who intentionally
violates or assists in the violation of any provision of this document
Section is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor. Any such violation
It will be a separate and distinct offense.

(b) Such person is also subject to a civil penalty of not less than one thousand and not more than ten thousand dollars for each violation.
Each such violation is a separate and distinct criminal offense. Such person is subject to an additional civil penalty of not more than one hundred dollars per day from the date occupancy is requested to be restored until the date of restoration
Compensation will be made if this period does not exceed six months.

7 NY Royal Proposal L § 223-B (2021)

To. A good faith complaint made by or on behalf of Renter to Owner, Owner's representative, or any governmental authority of Owner's alleged violation of any law, regulation, code or ordinance relating to health or safety, habitability...

B. Actions taken in good faith by or on behalf of the tenant to secure or enforce any rights under the tenancy or lease agreement, habitability guarantee...

C. The tenant's involvement in the activities of a tenant organization...

...3. A Owner shall be subject to a civil action for damages, attorneys' fees and costs, and other equitable relief, including injunctive relief and other equitable relief, in any court of competent jurisdiction provided in this Section, in each instance that Owner has breached the Terms.

8 New York Real Estate Stocks L §733 (2019)

1. Except as provided in Section Seven Hundred Thirty-Two of this Article relating to a proceeding for non-payment of rent, the application and petition shall be served at least ten days and no more than seventeen days in advance of the application. will be notified for the hearing.

9 New York Real Estate Stocks L §735 (2019)

1…delivered personally to the informant; or by... leaving in person with a person of reasonable age and discretion residing or employed on the property... or by posting a copy of the notice and application in a conspicuous part of the property... or by posting a copy on the doorstep...and further...sent to the accused either by registered or registered mail or first class mail...

10 Real Estate Interests New York L §745 (2019)

1... At the time of the accumulation of the dispute, the court, at the request of one of the parties, will postpone the hearing of the dispute for at least fourteen days, unless all parties agree. A party's second or subsequent motion for an adjournment shall be granted in the sole discretion of the court.

11 New York Real Estate Interests L §749 (2019)

2. (a) The officer to whom the order is addressed and served shall give not less than fourteen days' written notice to the person(s) to be vacated in the manner prescribed in this Article for service of the request expropriated and will complete the order within one business day between sunrise and sunset.

12 New York Real Estate Interests L §753 (2019)

1 …the court may suspend the stay of the proceedings at the resident's request
Issuing an order ... for a period not exceeding one year if ... it would constitute extreme hardship for the applicant or his family if the stay were not granted ... the court considers a serious illness, a serious aggravation of one ongoing condition, the enrollment of a child in a local school and other extenuating circumstances...

13 New York Real Estate Interests L §753 (2019)

4. In the event that this proceeding is based on an allegation that the tenant or lessee has breached any provision of the lease, the court will grant a stay of thirty days from the issuance of the order, during which the defendant may correct that breach.

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